Then, it is undertaken by Us to explain it. [75:19]

Al-Kahf 45-49

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Just as the earlier verses illustrated the perishing nature and contemptibility of wealth and prestige through an individual similitude, the upcoming verses similarly establish the speedy demise of this world followed by mention of the everlasting nature of righteous deeds through a universal parable. Moreover, through certain events related to the Day of Judgment, the verses move to establish Judgment Day to be worthy of deep consideration and antagonism in this regard to be worthy of caution.

Perishing of the Dunya, Lasting of the ‘Uqbaa and Awesomeness of Judgment Day

وَٱضۡرِبۡ لَهُم مَّثَلَ ٱلۡحَيَوٰةِ ٱلدُّنۡيَا كَمَآءٍ أَنزَلۡنَـٰهُ مِنَ ٱلسَّمَآءِ فَٱخۡتَلَطَ بِهِۦ نَبَاتُ ٱلۡأَرۡضِ فَأَصۡبَحَ هَشِيمً۬ا تَذۡرُوهُ ٱلرِّيَـٰحُ‌ۗ وَكَانَ ٱللَّهُ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَىۡءٍ۬ مُّقۡتَدِرًا (٤٥) ٱلۡمَالُ وَٱلۡبَنُونَ زِينَةُ ٱلۡحَيَوٰةِ ٱلدُّنۡيَا‌ۖ وَٱلۡبَـٰقِيَـٰتُ ٱلصَّـٰلِحَـٰتُ خَيۡرٌ عِندَ رَبِّكَ ثَوَابً۬ا وَخَيۡرٌ أَمَلاً۬ (٤٦)

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And clarify for these people the state of the worldly life. It is as though We have brought down rain from the sky, then through it the vegetation of the earth has become nice and dense then having dried up after being green and lush; it becomes like chaff such that the wind is blowing with it. Such is the state of the dunya. Today it seems to be flourishing and thriving. Ultimately, there won’t even be any trace or any mention left of it, and Allah Most High has full control over everything; whenever He wishes he brings into existence and causes to thrive. When he wishes, He destroys. Since this is the state of the world itself and wealth and children are an adornment for (and subordinate to) the worldly life, then the demise of wealth and children will be even more swift, and the righteous deeds which will endure forever and ever, they (the righteous deeds) according to your Lord (in the Afterlife) are infinitely better than this world in terms of reward, and infinitely better in terms of expectation also. That is to say, expectations based on righteous deeds in the Afterlife will reach fruition and still much more will be given in reward. Contrary to worldly possessions which even in this world fall short of expectations and in the Afterlife do not even hold possibility of fulfillment. For this reason it is not befitting for one to be prideful of the Dunya or to hold it close to his heart. Instead, one must strive and make effort for the Afterlife.

وَيَوۡمَ نُسَيِّرُ ٱلۡجِبَالَ وَتَرَى ٱلۡأَرۡضَ بَارِزَةً۬ وَحَشَرۡنَـٰهُمۡ فَلَمۡ نُغَادِرۡ مِنۡہُمۡ أَحَدً۬ا (٤٧) وَعُرِضُواْ عَلَىٰ رَبِّكَ صَفًّ۬ا لَّقَدۡ جِئۡتُمُونَا كَمَا خَلَقۡنَـٰكُمۡ أَوَّلَ مَرَّةِۭ‌ۚ بَلۡ زَعَمۡتُمۡ أَلَّن نَّجۡعَلَ لَكُم مَّوۡعِدً۬ا (٤٨) وَوُضِعَ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبُ فَتَرَى ٱلۡمُجۡرِمِينَ مُشۡفِقِينَ مِمَّا فِيهِ وَيَقُولُونَ يَـٰوَيۡلَتَنَا مَالِ هَـٰذَا ٱلۡڪِتَـٰبِ لَا يُغَادِرُ صَغِيرَةً۬ وَلَا كَبِيرَةً إِلَّآ أَحۡصَٮٰهَا‌ۚ وَوَجَدُواْ مَا عَمِلُواْ حَاضِرً۬ا‌ۗ وَلَا يَظۡلِمُ رَبُّكَ أَحَدً۬ا (٤٩)

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That day should be remembered when we will move the mountains from their place. This will occur in the initial stages, then they will be reduced to the like of finely cut straw and because there will be no mountains, trees or buildings left you will see the earth reduced to a clear plain and, extracting all of them from the graves, We will gather them to the mawqif and we will not leave anyone from them such that he is not brought there; and each and every one will be presented and made to stand orderly in front of your Lord. It will not even be possible for anyone to hide behind another. Those who rejected resurrection from among them will be told: See for yourselves, after all, you did come to Us, brought to life a second time, as We created you in the world the first time. However, in spite of witnessing the first creation you did not believe in the second creation. Rather all you kept thinking was that We will not assign for your second creation a promised time; and the book of deeds, whether given in the right hand or in the left, will be placed open in front of him as mentioned in another verse ” وَنُخْرِجُ لَهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ كِتَاباً يَلْقَاهُ مَنشُوراً “. Then you will see the guilty, of whatever is written in it, upon seeing it (and its punishment) will be frightened and they will be saying, O Woe to us, This book of deeds is quite astonishing such that without recording everything it has not left any minor sin nor has it left any major sin; and whatever they did in the world, they will find it all present written in front of them, and your Lord will not oppress anyone by recording a sin which was never committed or failing to record a good deed when performed along with its prerequisites.

To summarize, the polytheist leaders have now heard the state and fate of what they prided themselves on, and they have come to know of (in the form of ٱلۡبَـٰقِيَـٰتُ ٱلصَّـٰلِحَـٰتُ ) the everlasting nature of the great wealth which is due to the poor folk who they deem inferior. If they still cannot comprehend, they might as well kill themselves.

Written by Yusuf Mullan

July 27th, 2009 at 1:17 am

Posted in Surah Al-Kahf

One Response to 'Al-Kahf 45-49'

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  1. Very clear mashaAllah


    29 Jul 09 at 6:04 am

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