Then, it is undertaken by Us to explain it. [75:19]

Maryam 34-40

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The upcoming verses draw the conclusion of monotheism from the story of Eisa (alaihis salam) and threaten those that reject Tawheed, by mentioning Judgment Day.

Conclusion of Tawheed and Scolding the Obstinate Disbeliever

 

ذَٲلِكَ عِيسَى ٱبۡنُ مَرۡيَمَ‌ۚ قَوۡلَ ٱلۡحَقِّ ٱلَّذِى فِيهِ يَمۡتَرُونَ (٣٤) مَا كَانَ لِلَّهِ أَن يَتَّخِذَ مِن وَلَدٍ۬‌ۖ سُبۡحَـٰنَهُ ۥۤ‌ۚ إِذَا قَضَىٰٓ أَمۡرً۬ا فَإِنَّمَا يَقُولُ لَهُ ۥ كُن فَيَكُونُ (٣٥) وَإِنَّ ٱللَّهَ رَبِّى وَرَبُّكُمۡ فَٱعۡبُدُوهُ‌ۚ هَـٰذَا صِرَٲطٌ۬ مُّسۡتَقِيمٌ۬ (٣٦) فَٱخۡتَلَفَ ٱلۡأَحۡزَابُ مِنۢ بَيۡنِہِمۡ‌ۖ فَوَيۡلٌ۬ لِّلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ مِن مَّشۡہَدِ يَوۡمٍ عَظِيمٍ (٣٧) أَسۡمِعۡ بِہِمۡ وَأَبۡصِرۡ يَوۡمَ يَأۡتُونَنَا‌ۖ لَـٰكِنِ ٱلظَّـٰلِمُونَ ٱلۡيَوۡمَ فِى ضَلَـٰلٍ۬ مُّبِينٍ۬ (٣٨) وَأَنذِرۡهُمۡ يَوۡمَ ٱلۡحَسۡرَةِ إِذۡ قُضِىَ ٱلۡأَمۡرُ وَهُمۡ فِى غَفۡلَةٍ۬ وَهُمۡ لَا يُؤۡمِنُونَ (٣٩) إِنَّا نَحۡنُ نَرِثُ ٱلۡأَرۡضَ وَمَنۡ عَلَيۡہَا وَإِلَيۡنَا يُرۡجَعُونَ (٤٠)

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This is Eisa, son of Maryam; whose speech and attributes have been mentioned, from which his being a favoured servant is known. Not as claimed by the Nasaara (Christians), who removed him from servitude and elevated him to divinity, nor as described by the Jews, who degraded him from being an accepted one and laid upon him (and his mother) various blames and accusations. I speak the absolute truth in which these people of excess and degradation (ifraat and tafreet) quarrel.

Hence, the statements of the Jews and Christians are understood from the above. The claim of the Jews has not been addressed here since their claim even outwardly implied detracting from the rank of a Prophet, which is self-evidently false.

The belief of the Christians, on the other hand, implies excessive and unwarranted perfection. In addition to Prophethood, they established the rank of being offspring of the Almighty which, due to contradicting the fundamentals of monotheism, necessitates detraction from Allah, Almighty. This is refuted in the upcoming verse.

It is not befitting for Allah to take unto Himself a son. He is absolutely pure from all faults. This is because when He decrees a matter, He merely says to it ‘Be’: and it is. Rationally, for such Perfection to bear children is a deficiency.

O Prophet, in order to establish tawheed, say to the people such that the polytheists hear, Verily Allah is my Lord as well as your Lord. So worship Him alone. This exclusive worship of Allah (monotheism) is the straight path of religion. In spite of these textual and rational proofs which establish Tawheed, various factions have caused division amongst themselves. By rejecting Tawheed they have invented many different religious paths.

So woe to these disbelievers from the coming of an awesome Day! (Referring to the Day of Judgment, which with respect to its length and intensity will be awesome.) The day in which they will come to Us, how strong will their hearing and vision be! On Judgment Day such realities will become manifest and all misguidance and misconceptions will be removed. However, these oppressors are in clear error today, in this world.

Warn them, O Prophet, from the day of remorse when the final judgment of Heaven and Hell will be made, as mentioned in the Hadith of al-Bukhari, Muslim and at-Tirmidhi – death will be brought in the form of a spotted ram which will then be slaughtered in front of the people of Hell and Heaven. Thereupon both groups will be made aware of the judgment of eternity, the limitless remorse resulting from which is obvious, while they are in heedlessness, and they are not believing today, in this world. But one day they too will die along with everyone else. We, and only We, will remain the inheritors (ultimate owners) of the earth and all who are on it, and to Us they will be returned. Then they will endure the punishment for their disbelief and association.

Benefits

A very similar verse occurred at the ¾ mark of the first juz, under the ruku of ‘وَقَالَتِ ٱلۡيَهُودُ’, explaining how the impossibility of divine offspring was deduced from “… إِذَا قَضَىٰٓ أَمۡرً۬ا”.

Though remorse will occur several times before this event, this will be the most severe.

Based on the verses of Surah Zukhruf, “وَإِنَّ ٱللَّهَ رَبِّى وَرَبُّكُمۡ” can also be understood to be from the speech of Hazrat Maseeh PBUH, in which case a “qaala” would be assumed prior to it. That is to say, he said the previous while a child and he said this after becoming a Prophet.

What is meant by “ٱلۡأَحۡزَابُ” are those factions which occurred after Sayidna Eisa (alaihis salam) – and Allah knows best.

اللغات في القاموس المرية الشك والجدل فمعنى يمترون يتنازعون أو يشكون قوله من بينهم في الروح معناه أن الاختلاف لم يخرج عنهم بل كانوا هم المختلفين وبين ظرف استعمل إسما بدخول من عليه ونقل في البحر القول بزيادة من قوله من مشهد مصدر بمعنى الشهود ١٢

النحو قوله قول الحق في الروح قيل نصب على المصدر أي أقول الحق قوله يوم الحسرة إذ مبدل منه وبدل

البلاغة قوله لكن الظالمون فيه وضع المظهر موضع المضمر ١٢

اختلاف القراءة قوله وان الله في قراءة بفتح الهمزة بتقدير الجار أي اللام متعلق بقوله فاعبدوه أي فاعبدوه لان الله ربي وربكم

الروايات ذكرت في المتن من قصة ذبح الموت وفي هذه الرواية قراءته صلى الله عليه وسلم هاتيك الآية حينئذ ١٢

Written by Yusuf Mullan

July 19th, 2009 at 11:12 pm

Posted in Surah Al-Kahf

3 Responses to 'Maryam 34-40'

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  1. Please correct me : In verse 38 is qawlal haqqi , mafool of the hidden (anna aqoolu).

    Faqirah

    21 Jul 09 at 1:53 am

  2. The verse number is 34. The reason for the nasb is maf’ul mutlaq (masdar) for the hidden aqoolu.

    النحو قوله قول الحق في الروح قيل نصب على المصدر أي أقول الحق

    Yusuf Mullan

    21 Jul 09 at 2:14 am

  3. jazakallah khair. I am sorry for the mistake in the verse no.

    Faqirah

    21 Jul 09 at 4:04 am

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